The Mission

The mission of the .gay TLD is to create an environment on the Internet that addresses important and primary needs of the Gay Community; safety, visibility and support.

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Privacy, Technology and the IETF

After the Snowden revelations of pervasive monitoring , the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force), one of the primary technical SDOs (Standards Development Organizations) for the Internet, came to rough consensus on a the need to react to the evidence of NSA pervasive monitoring of the Internet.  The effort to start the work began at the IETF-88 meeting help in Vancouver in November 2013.  A full discussion of this is well captured in the blog by the IETF chair.  A few excepts from this blog:

IETF Security Area Director Stephen Farrell said that pervasive surveillance represents an attack on the Internet. And the rest of us agree. Such pervasive surveillance requires the monitoring party to take actions that are indistinguishable from an attack on Internet communications. So we are willing to work to address it, just like any other threat.

What happens next? I want to be clear that this is a long-term effort. Not a reaction to specific revelations, but a wholesale upgrade to our view what the threats in the Internet are and how they need to be addressed. And the updates will be hard work.  And technology does not have solutions for all problems. But we will be working on general IETF-wide principles on how to address the new threats, thinking about the ways to use technologies such as TLS or opportunistic encryption. And, we will be working on the specific protocols and application areas (HTTP, XMPP, etc).

As this fit plans to do work on enhancing the online privacy of LGBTQIA community members once the .gay TLD is assigned to the community, dotgay LLC decided to get involved in the work.

At IETF-89, held in Vancouver, also documented by IETF Chair Jari Arkko in his blog, the work on protecting Internet protocols from privacy attacks continued.    A new effort was started during this meeting to review existing protocols for privacy vulnerability.  Sponsored by dotgay LLC, I am involved in trying to coordinate this work.   There is also an opportunity for any technically inclined members of the dotgay-community to get involved if they wish.

The effort involves a team of folks gathered together to go do privacy reviews of existing protocol documents (RFCs.) focusing on pervasive monitoring.  A meeting was held to kick the process off.  Several people volunteered to begin reviews on some of the more criticial protocols, such as TCP (Transmission Control Protocol), DNS (Domain Name System), and the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).  The work is being tracked on an IETF wiki.  Discussions are ongoing on the IETF Privacy email list.  Readers who are technically inclined and privacy concerned are welcome to join in on the discussion, and to read and comment of the protocol review. And to join in on the reviewing.

 

 

 

 


 

dotgay-community.org participation in the IETF meetings is sponsored by dotgay LLC

NetMundial: Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance

2014 has started out as a hectic year in Internet Governance and this blog owes its readers a few reports.  One of the biggest events of this year is going to occur next week in São Paulo, NetMundial: Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance. Preparations for this meeting have been nearly all consuming in the Internet governance community.

The NetMundial grew out of a critical speech given by Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff before the UN General Assembly discussing the state of the Internet in the wake of the Snowden revelations on NSA spying.  In response to this speech, the leaders of the organizations involved in creating and maintaining the Internet infrastructure, protocols and policies called the I* (pronounced I-star) released the Montevideo declaration.  Together the I*, especially ICANN, and the Brazilian government put together this upcoming milestone conference

The process was begun with a call for contributions from all global stakeholders.  188 contributions were received, including 4 from dotgay LLC VP Policy and Governance.  These were synthesized into draft of 2 outcome documents: one on “Internet governance principles” and one  on  “Roadmap for the future evolution of the Internet governance Ecosystem

The organizers of NetMundial are eager for people to comment.  In order to comment one only has to go to the site.  The platform provided by CGI.br, the co-organizers of the NetMundial, allows for anyone to comment on these documents, paragraph by paragraph, or on the overall document.  It is easy to do.

Stakeholders from around the world are inputting comments at http://document.netmundial.br and I would heartily encourage the readers of this blog to take a few moments to read the proposed outcome documents (they are short) and insert a comment or two if you feel the urge. No login required, though they do ask for your name – verification not required.

The plan is for the meeting in Brazil to finalize the documents with multistakeholder consensus.  While physical attendance at the meetings was limited by the size of the venue, the meeting design includes extensive remote participation opportunities.  While there will be hubs where groups can meet to attend the meeting, it will also be possible for anyone to participate from their homes or offices (information to be provided once available).

The hashtag for the meeting (already active) is #netmundial2014

More Information to follow.

The Ugandan anti-gay repression depicted in two political cartoons

One a comic strip from the Center for Constitutional Rights explains how US religious extremists have instigated the repression in Uganda:

http://www.buzzfeed.com/aaronc13/this-comic-perfectly-explains-ugandas-anti-lgbt-legislations

The other a political cartoon from South Africa:

http://mg.co.za/cartoon/2014-02-28-anti-gay-lawsugandas-strange-fruit/

Tragic how gay right’s advances in one country are met by backlash in others!

The importance of Enhanced Cooperation to the gay/LGBTQIA community.

As part of its focus on Internet Governance and the gay/LGBTQIA community, dotgay LLC supports my participation in the UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD) work on Enhanced Cooperation. A blog describing the work in terms of Internet governance can be found at: http://avri.doria.org/five-days-in-the-enhanced-cooperation-box. In this brief note I want to describe why this work is so important to the dotgay community.

An undercurrent to the entire process of governments trying to gain control of the Internet is content control.  As new laws in Russia and several African countries have shown, there is a backlash against the gay community.  These governments, with at instigation of the  American religious right among others, have been racketing up historical hatred and violence against the gay community for several years.  In the last year, as the gay community gained a degree of equality in some countries, with workplace discrimination beginning to ebb and the acceptance of our personal relationships in marriage, draconian laws have been on the rise in other countries.  Having been defeated in the US, the forces of repression are pouring their money and energies into other countries, causing the increased oppression that is filling the news.

But this does not get mentioned in the news everywhere.  In some countries reporting violence against the gay community has been called propaganda and has become a crime.  Repressive states are looking for greater capabilities to filter and block all such information, so that they can keep their populations in the dark about the freedom and respect being achieved in other parts of the world.    Governments are trying to extend the sovereignty they rely on to abuse the gay community add other citizens within their own border, by force of international agreements to the borderless Internet.

Another capability that the Internet offers is that it allows members of the gay community in one country to communicate with members of the community in other countries, so that they can share information and knowledge.  These rights of association and to knowledge are human rights protected by various covenants, signed my most of the governments in the world.  All of these International covenants, however, contain escape clauses that exempt countries from honoring these rights when they contravene law and international norms.  In some cases like exploitation of children and violence, this is reasonable and accepted by most.  In other cases, when a country has repressive laws, it becomes a problem.  By creating laws and strengthening the international norms related to the Internet requiring enforcement one country’s laws in the Internet, it exposes all of our community to danger.  If a country that accepts gay rights is forced to support laws such as those in Uganda on the Internet, then the community’s right to association and sharing of knowledge is threatened.  By using Internet governance, a necessary and important regulatory function at times, some of the most repressive regimes in the world are hoping to spread the influence of their hate over the rest of the world.

These dry Internet governance discussions about Enhanced Cooperation are, at their base about these issues, though they are rarely mentioned explicitly, except during unguarded moments.  Our community is one of the primary reasons repressive regimes are attempting to gain control of the Internet – they inexplicably hate the gay/LGBTQIA community that much.  It is important that we not only follow these trends so we are ready to react when they come to our homes, but we must be represented in the discussions to attempt to stop the worst offenses.  There are many countries that support our rights, but we are not always their top priority. By participating in UN groups such as the Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation or the Human Rights Council, we are in the right place at the right time to remind our countries to defend our rights.

dotgay LLC’s support of this work, along with other rights’ groups, is critical in the fight for gay rights.

Can protection of endangered LGBTQI communities be included by the ITU in its WSIS action lines.

The first meeting of the World Summit of the Information  (WSIS) was held in 2003 in order to mobilize the world against the digital divide – the fact that the Internet at that time only reached 20% of the worlds people. Over the last 10 years, the reach of the Internet has grown to reach approximately 40% of the world’s people.  This is definitely progress, although there is still a long way to go.
Currently there is an effort underway to review the process of WSIS in a WSIS+10 event.  Part of that review process includes reviewing goals.   The original outcome documents of the WSIS, in this case the Geneva Plan of Action, included 11 Action Lines, i.e. list of tasks meant to improve the digital environment.  Action Line 10 Ethical Dimensions of the Information Society includes the following:
All actors in the Information society should promote the common good, protect privacy and personal data and take appropriate actions and preventative measure, as determined by law, against abusive uses of ICTs such as illegal and other acts motivate by racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance, hared, violence, and all forms of child abuse, including paedophillia and child pornography, and trafficking in and exploitation of, human beings.
Unexpectedly, due to a proposal by UN Women on Women in ICT, it became apparent that it might be possible to add language to the action lines.  Unfortunately a first attempt to insert language that would also prohibit acts motivated by homophobia and transphobia did not succeed during the February meeting.    Fortunately there will be another chance in April to try and add this language.  In this age of increasing violence against the gay community, this becomes more important all the time.

dotgay LLC has made it clear that is is committed to supporting work to see this language amended if at all possible, before the documents go for approval by the world’s leaders.

Yet another IGF to be held in a country that does not allow free speech.

The Internet Governance Forum (IGF2014) a yearly global meeting to discuss the social and political aspects of the Internet will be held in Istanbul Turkey in September of 2014.    Like the previous years’ meeting in  Bali, Indonesia and in Baku, Azerbaijan, this year’s meeting is being held in a country without the individual liberties many have grown to expect.  Once again we are bringing the global premiere Internet governance meeting to a country that governs the Internet locally in such a way as to restrict its use.

Yesterday President Gul of Turkey signed an Internet censorship law, which will let the authorities block web pages within hours and collect data such as users’ browsing histories.

The gay community should not be surprised as Turkey was reported to be blocking gay web sites in 2013. In fact as early as 2009 the Index on Censorship was reporting that gay community web sites were being blocked in Turkey.  In a world where Uganda can make laws that imprison people for being gay, we cannot just quietly accept part of our community being silenced. Internet censorship is bad for everyone, it is especially bad for endangered communities.

Lets hope that IGF2014 takes a strong position on the local Internet environment and doesn’t slink in and out of the country without making a strong statement on Internet censorship.

In everything it has done, the ICANN Generic Domains Division, which is supposed to serve the public interest and defend communities, has instead caused harm to the very communities it was supposed to protect.  Whether it was the rules established by ICANN  that deal with harms to the community or the Community Evaluation Process, it has skewed the processes to favor the rich applicants who cared only about the money they could exploit the community for.   In a process established to take as much money from applicants as possible, ICANN has favored those with the most money to give. Now the process it is setting up for auctions, the final way to determine the winner of a bid for a new gTLD when there is contention for the name, are designed to further disadvantage and harm communities, like the gay community, as opposed to protecting them, as was the original intent of the ICANN New gTLD program.

This has been seen not only by community applicants such as dotgay LLC and the other members of the Community TLD Applicant Group (CTAG), but has been documented by many groups such as  the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) and the user community’s At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC).  Recently the European Union documented this injustice as part of an open comment on the auction rules.  While I originally just thought about including excerpts, the the letter was so powerful, it deserves to be quoted in its entirety:

 Public Comment on new gTLD Auction Rules

1.       General comments

We are deeply concerned about the implications that the Auction Rules in the gTLD program may have for the protection of public policy interests, competition, openness and innovation. As a general principle, ICANN should implement Auction Rules that are consistent with its Bylaws, its non-for profit status, the objectives of the new gTLD Program and the Applicant Guidebook to promote competition, diversity, innovation and consumer choice. As expressed in several comments already submitted during the comment period, the current Auction Rules are advantageous for portfolio applicants rather than for small, innovative and community applicants, which is at odds with the “diversity and innovation” policy that ICANN seeks to promote. It would be desirable to give these applicants a more even playing field when they come up against larger portfolio holders in the contention process. Also, ICANN’s auction rules has not yet proven convincing to the community and deserves being revisited in light of the input received.

2.       Relevant GAC advice

The European Commission regards positively the explicit mention in the Auction Rules of the need to “resolve any applicable GAC advice” prior to the participation in the auction process, as part of the applicant’s “eligibility” criteria, but regrets the lack of reference to “community applications” or applications with community support, despite the reiterated GAC advise. In this regard the European Commission seizes this opportunity to recall the following passages of recent GAC advice:

  •   “The GAC advises the board that in those cases where a community, which is clearly impacted by a set of new gTLD applications in contention, has expressed a collective and clear opinion on those applications, such opinion should be duly taken into account, together with all other relevant information.” (Beijing Communique)
  •   “The GAC reiterates its advice from the Beijing Communiqué regarding preferential treatment for all applications which have demonstrable community support, while noting community concerns over the high costs for pursuing a Community Objection process as well as over the high threshold for passing Community Priority Evaluation”. (Durban Communique)
  •   “The GAC requests a briefing on the public policy implications of holding auctions to resolve string contention (including community applications).” (Buenos Aires Communique).

  It is essential that the outcome of the briefing on the public policy implications of holding auctions requested in the Buenos Aires GAC Communique and the reflections of the GAC on this particular issue are fully taken into account when defining the Auction Rules. Particularly, the auction process should not be initiated until the GAC’s briefing request is duly addressed by the ICANN Board.

3.       ALAC – Community applications statement

It is important to make a specific reference to the At-Large Community (ALAC) statement of 9.08.2013 on preferential treatment for community applications in string contention; ALAC stressed that some of the new gTLD applications that are intended for communities and have wide public support were not submitted as community applications; those applications are currently in contention with others not designed for the benefit of specific communities and driven purely by commercial considerations. In this regard the European Commission (consistent with its position in the GAC) fully endorses the GAC view that community applications and applications with community support should be given preferential treatment in the new gTLD string contention resolution process, and remind the clear above mentioned GAC Beijing and Durban Communiques.

4.       Security and consumer protection

Security and consumer protection are fundamental public policy objectives. Therefore we endorse those comments proposing that the winning applicant is contractually required to ensure that all security related gTLDs adopt technologies that improve the level of trust of Internet users. A “secure” gTLD implies that the resources offered are truly secure and operating under specific policies that warrant a dedicated level of security to end users. It is therefore contrary to this public policy interest that the winning applicant is decided through an auction process that may simply favour deep pocket applications.

Therefore we will repeat again our concern about the negative impact that auctions may have for the preservation and enhancement of the operational stability, reliability, security and global interoperability of the Internet, as expressed during the Buenos Aires GAC meeting: “The European Commission believes that in the new gTLD program, ICANN should aim not just to maintain, but also enhance the level of consumer protection and confidence in gTLDs. ICANN should therefore take this social and community responsibility into account in their implementation plan. It is our understanding that trusted domains such as .safe, .secure and .security risks being awarded to applicants based only upon the price they are willing to pay in an auction. We therefore urge ICANN, in the interest of fostering innovative solutions that enhance global security, not to allow purely commercial interests to prevail in the delegation of these domains.

5.       Negotiations between applicants prior to the Auction process

Over and above, there seems not to be any incentive for financially strong applicants to solve the contention “through voluntary agreement among the involved applicants”. This solution places an unnecessary burden on applicants and departs from the artificial assumption that parties are eager to negotiate.

6.       Destination (use) of Auction funds

We also note the lack of clarity as regards the destination of the significant funds that ICANN will receive as a result of these auctions; it is therefore highly recommended that ICANN begins a consultation process with the community to determine the allocation of the funds gathered through this process, with a focus on its use for community support, capacity building and engagement of stakeholders in least developed nations.

7.       Unilateral powers to modify Auction Rules

ICANN shall not be entitled in its sole discretion to amend these Auction Rules “for any auction at any time and for any reason prior to the deposit deadline for that auction”. The above mentioned unilateral power to change the rules currently under negotiation only contributes to increase applicants’ uncertainty. The European Commission fully supports that “Any proposed changes, at a minimum, should be announced publicly at least 30 days in advance of any auction, and should be for good cause based on exigent circumstances”.

We are confident that community input received will allow ICANN to amend the current draft Auction Rules (version 2013.12.12) in a manner consistent with ICANN’s objectives and fully rooted in the principle of fairness.

It should be noted that the dotgay LLC application meets the requirements listed above for security and consumer protection.  The standard applications with which it is competing do not.

Questions dotgay-community asks are:

  • Why does the ICANN Generic Domains Division (ICANN GDD)  not recognize the harm they are causing?
  • Why does the ICANN Board allow such a disregard of its public interest charter by the ICANN GDD?
  • When is the ICANN Board going to rectify this situation and begin to treat communities fairly?

Our plea to ICANN is that they listen to the EU and others and mend their ways before it is too late, and the harm they cause to our community, as well as to other communities, becomes permanent and irreparable.  As the EU says: “We therefore urge ICANN, in the interest of fostering innovative solutions that enhance global security, not to allow purely commercial interests to prevail in the delegation of these domains.

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